Case studies can range from a short paragraph blurb in a text book to a full blown class unit that covers several weeks. For our medical devices course, each case study spanned two 80 minute lectures. We followed the same overall format for each case study.

Basic Case Study Format:

1.1 Initial Prep Work:

Students will be divided into teams of 3-4 (depending on stakeholder categories)

Each student is assigned a specific stakeholder role.

Student will complete assigned prep work to generally understand the device landscape.


1.2 Class 1/Case Study Introduction:

Invited speaker/class instructor will discuss the biology, technical, and broader context to the case study.  

During the presentation students should ask questions to clarify or fill in areas of knowledge relevant to the case study or specific to their assigned stakeholder position.


2.1 Pre-Discussion work:

Perform background research and prepare argument for role of assigned stakeholder.


2.2 Class 2/Case Study Discussion (may vary based on the particulars of each case study):

  • Students will meet in stakeholder groups to discuss and share research on their stakeholder positions.
  • Teams will meet together and create a concept map or other type of visual representation of the positions of each stakeholder and the interdependencies between stakeholders and their positions.
  • Teams will share out to the entire class.


  1.  Reflection/Summary:  Students complete a written summary/reflection on the case study in response to instructor prompts/questions.